1) Florida Bar certified to instruct criminal defense attorneys about the Casey Anthony trial. {Miami-Dade    

       public defender, Innocence Project at Stetson College of Law, etc.}

  2) Only journalist to publish a story about the Casey Anthony case for Harvard.

  3) Society of Professional Journalist's 2016 Investigative Journalist award for reporting on the Casey

      Anthony case.

  4) Feature article for Empirical Magazine was read by Casey Anthony and she offered to publicly endorse the

      article until her attorney intervened at the last moment.

Copyright ©​ Keith Long.              Stay in touch   kdlongmany at gmail dot com

                                             Skype id           WriterKeith

Click for Documentary Synopsis




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Casey Anthony During Her Trial for Capital Murder



                                                                                                                                                                                                 George Anthony pondering the prosecution case against his daughter, Casey.           

                                                        “Sex Abuse Victim in America:

                            Prosecuted by the Justice System, Shunned by the Culture”

                                We All Made Her “The Most Hated Woman in America”


I can’t say why I was attracted to the televised trial of the most hated woman in America in 2011. It may have been because every time I turned on the television or checked my Twitter feed, she was there in front of me. There were 600 media outlets credentialed by the court covering the trial. The Miami Herald, and Washington Post live-streamed courtroom video, in an all-out effort to grab market share away from HLN’s gavel-to-gavel coverage.  I have to say, despite multiple apps available, I followed the trial on HLN, led by Nancy Grace. Nancy’s audience totaled the most viewers watching to learn the jury’s decision {5.2 million}. Fox attracted 3 million, CNN had 2.3 million, and MSNBC registered nearly 1 million. 


There was a lot of stuff being reported in the media to generate that kind of interest. Casey Anthony’s demeanor during the trial called up photographs that were carried all over the country picturing her having a blast at a nightclub just a few days after witnessing the death of her two-year-old daughter, Caylee. She never reported Caylee’s death, and her own mother eventually had to call police and report Caylee missing. After her arrest, the twenty-two-year-old single mom lied to police about where she worked when her daughter disappeared, and she insisted to investigators that a fictitious nanny kidnapped her deceased daughter. I was among the throng watching coverage of the five-month search for her daughter, while she repeatedly insisted Caylee was alive. I was glued to the TV when news broke that Caylee’s body was discovered just blocks from her home. Jeff Ashton, the assistant prosecutor, seemed to understate the obvious when he said simply, “If a mother doesn’t report the death of her child, she must be guilty.”


By the time her trial started in Orlando, the courtroom had already rivaled nearby Disney World as a tourist destination. The 50 public seats in the courtroom’s balcony were the hottest tickets in town.  Visitors literally fought one another for seats to watch what Time magazine had already headlined as the “social media trial of the century.”  There were occasional comparisons in the press to another “trial of the century,” the OJ trial, as the only comparable criminal trial in memory to generate as much public interest.  Fair to say, it seemed apparent that not one of the millions of trial watchers, myself included, gave any thought to the likelihood of a “not guilty” outcome for Casey Anthony. 


Quite literally, all the talk I heard about the trial seemed to believe the outcome was already known. Mid-trial, Time magazine invited readers to visualize her execution: “Virtually no one doubts that Anthony was involved in her child’s death,” then added, “but if you see murder in Casey Anthony’s big brown eyes during a live feed of her trial, you can tell all the world how delectable you will find her execution.”  The court of public opinion anticipated a slam dunk guilty decision, followed by an all but certain death penalty for the Tot Mom, Casey Anthony.


The jury of twelve took barely a single day to make their decision. The moment after the verdict was announced, Kim Kardashian squeezed 140 characters into her tweet and spoke for virtually everyone, “What!!!???!!!! Casey Anthony found not guilty!!!! I am speechless!!!”


News of the jury’s inexplicable decision to acquit Casey Anthony was the largest shared virtual experience up to that time, as the nation was transfixed with Twitter feeds and Facebook posts which spread the news instantly.  The media post-mortems of the case were reflected in public statements issued by the trial judge and prosecutor. Judge Belvin Perry said, “I was surprised, shocked and in disbelief at reading the verdict. There was sufficient evidence to sustain a verdict of murder in the first degree in this case.“ Jeff Ashton, the deflated assistant prosecutor faced the cameras with his team and said, “The acquittal was the work of a jury that didn’t believe Casey deserved any punishment. But they gave a lot of thought and discussion about what movies they wanted to see.” 


My investigative journalist’s antennae went up on the first day of the trial. Now with the trial over, I was ready to move on to other important stories that fuel the interest of journalists like me. I did have a lingering question about the trial: “OK, who did the jury think killed Caylee?” I watched an interview with the jury foreman who told a national television audience that the jury had considerable discussions surrounding that very question: If it wasn’t Casey, who was the killer of Caylee? I found it disconcerting that the only alternative person of interest who raised serious suspicions for the jury was George, Casey’s admittedly “bad actor” father. 


Her parents were already on a lot of people’s radar screen. For one thing, many found it more than a little odd that George was the state’s chief witness against his daughter, and he testified in a way that seemed to delight in assuring her conviction; it seemed to many he relished a death sentence for his own daughter.  Her mother, Cindy Anthony, was also a prosecution witness, and in the opinion of many, she committed perjury on the stand.  She and George sat together and watched the trial as partners. It did appear their sentiment for the outcome was the same as the public’s, and the prosecutors. It caught my attention that both parents seemed willing contributors to a likely death sentence for their twenty-something daughter. 


I thought, wow, there must be some really bad stuff in their daughter’s background to justify parents’ betrayal of their own flesh and blood. Who killed Caylee Anthony? I couldn’t help myself, this is like, what I do.


I took a deep dive into the trial record from the Ninth Judicial Circuit in Orlando. In a few words, my investigation found that prosecutors had more evidence pointing to Casey’s father, George, than to the single-mom they charged with the murder of two-year-old, Caylee.  They also had overwhelming evidence that Casey’s mother, Cindy, misled investigators to avoid raising suspicions about what went on in the Anthony home behind closed doors. 


As I moved deeper through the trial record, what I uncovered blew my mind. No one who followed the trial on television or in the press could have expected what I found in the first pass through the record of witness interviews. There were statements to prosecutors from family friends that Casey was sexually abused by her father, George, beginning when she was eight-years-old. Prosecutors were put on notice about conflicts in the family over the paternity of Caylee, and suspicions were directed toward George as Caylee’s father. 


There were nine court-appointed forensic psychologists who evaluated the accused murderer of Caylee. Casey told them flat out, “I didn’t kill Caylee.” The record shows those experts shared notes amongst themselves and reached a consensus that the defendant was truthful in her description of George’s role in Caylee’s death. Their MMPI, TSI {trauma symptom inventory} and a myriad of background information from authoritative sources led them to determine that she was a good mother. Their testing excluded any probability of malingering {lying}.  One psychologist, Dr. Harry Krop, was asked for his professional opinion by Dr. Drew Pinsky on his national TV show, and the Florida psychologist told Dr. Drew that his professional conclusion was that Casey Anthony wasn’t capable of harming her daughter.  Another forensic psychiatrist was deposed by the two lead prosecutors just before trial, who asked him directly if he had any doubts about her believability when Casey Anthony named George as responsible for Caylee’s death, and that it was George who threw her body in woods, just a block or so from his home. The court-appointed forensic psychiatrist answered, “I have no reason to not believe her.” 


I myself talked with another lead psychiatrist on background for literally an entire day {he evaluated her for over 100 hours just before the trial}, and his opinion was that all the evidence from his interviews and evaluations pointed toward Casey as a loving and protective mother, the same conclusion as the other forensic psychologists.  Perhaps it is my training from the investigative side of journalism, as opposed to the opinion side, but I was open-minded to the conclusions of the experts that Casey Anthony’s behavior after witnessing her daughter’s death could be more about denial, than guilt.  As information from the trial record confirmed that the only other possible suspect in the murder of Caylee was George, it occurred to me that the cumulative evidence prosecutors had was that Casey indeed witnessed Caylee’s murder by her father.  If it was true that George sexually abused Casey for ten years, could the reason for the murder of two-year-old Caylee be George’s fear that Caylee was his child?


Cindy {a pediatric RN} and George both denied their daughter was pregnant when she was in her eighth month and quite conspicuously carrying Caylee. Prosecutors composed a timeline that raised suspicions about George as soon as Caylee was born. Fears about who was Caylee’s father seemed to tear the family apart. George stole $30,000 from Cindy’s IRA savings account weeks after his granddaughter’s birth, which he immediately lost in online gambling. He fled the home and filed for divorce from Cindy before Caylee was three months old.  He told investigators the reason for his theft and split was because of an “issue” he had with Casey, and he couldn’t deal with it anymore. In other words, his tension from living with Casey and her one-month-old daughter, Caylee, was so great, he had to flee his marriage of twenty-seven years, and move in with his elderly parents. He then attempted suicide.  Meanwhile, prosecutors continued to accumulate witness statements that pointed toward their case-in-chief’s lead witness {George} as the killer.  One witness prosecutors interviewed told them that George actually confessed that he was responsible for Caylee’s death, and he cried about it. George then lied to investigators about that witness and his gambling.


Bottom line, the trial record of information that prosecutors had was nothing like the evidence they presented at trial, and not even close to the narrative gobbled up in the court of public opinion, which largely not only expected, but early on, demanded that the most hated woman in America be judged guilty and then summarily executed by the state of Florida. Jesus Christ, I ultimately could reach no other conclusion than every bit of information from the trial record supported the jury’s acquittal of Casey and their strong suspicion of George as a pedophile and perpetrator of infanticide.


At this point, I talked to other journalists who followed the trial and found several who were as uncomfortable with the runaway social media narrative of the Casey Anthony trial as I was. Barry Sussman left the Washington Post after supervising Woodward and Bernstein in the Watergate series, and he was now leading Harvard’s Nieman Foundation for Journalism. Barry said to me he thought the coverage of the trial was a media circus, and he invited me to write an article for Nieman’s Media Watchdog about the trial’s coverage. Overnight, my article got the most response in Nieman’s history. 


I found Howie Kurtz, who was then at CNN’s Reliable Sources. Kurtz expressed his opinion of the coverage this way: “I refused to join the media frenzy after two-year-old Caylee was killed. The tone of the coverage was Casey Anthony must be guilty.”  Jeff Toobin, who covered the OJ Simpson trial, and was now also at CNN, said, “The news media was very unfair to Casey Anthony, it is something we should all discuss.” 


Pretty much, as an investigative journalist, what I do is investigate primary source materials, like trial records. In my investigation of news stories, I often wrestle with burdens acquired from an open mind. My operating principle is always to balance the narrative. Sussman, Toobin, Kurtz and myself all saw something in the press narrative of the trial that cried out for a closer look, and a balancing narrative.


Reports of sexual abuse by George in the Anthony family became impossible to ignore. Evidence of a cover-up by George’s wife, Cindy, accumulated to the point that she appeared more likely than not to be lying to investigators. I continued to be nagged by the thought that Casey Anthony’s behavior was about denial of her daughter’s murder by an abusive father. Her statements of denial that her daughter was actually dead, and then made up stories to investigators about what happened, seemed to me more like coping mechanisms, than covering up a crime. Her denial was the only thing she had going for her that allowed her to function after witnessing the murder of her child by her own father, who by the way, abused her horribly.


The most incriminating evidence against the defendant, at the end of the day, narrowed down to her behavior “after” she witnessed Caylee’s murder. Her behavior and those denials were interpreted by everybody as hiding her daughter’s death because she was guilty. The trial record, statements by psychiatrists, and my own extended conversation with one of the court-appointed psychologists, forced me to consider the possibility that Casey’s denial of her daughter’s death came from a different place: denial because witnessing the death of her child was too painful, especially if her daughter’s death was not accidental, but rather an act of unspeakable murder by a father who abused her beginning when she was in the third grade.


In the cable and digital world that I inhabit, news of the Casey Anthony acquittal soon gave way to other criminal news stories. Trayvon Martin in Florida was one, and there were others I worked on. Then one night, I heard a CNN legal analyst, Sunny Hostin, talking with Anderson Cooper about parental abuse and her experience with spouses of child abusers who protect their husbands. She was asked by Anderson about her experience with families where fathers sexually abused their daughters. Sunny recalled the many cases she tried as a federal prosecutor when mothers blamed their children for their husband’s abuse. Jerry Sandusky’s wife, Dottie Sandusky, comes to mind.  Sunny said what Sandusky’s wife did was quite common. “I had people sitting in my office, mothers turning against their own children saying their child-victims were lying. And I’ve got to tell you, when I prosecuted cases, it’s still a very unpopular position, I wanted to go after the mothers because these are witnesses to sex abuse.  They’re enablers. They’re putting their children in danger, and I think they’re partly responsible.”  Her statement drew me back to the specter of George and Cindy Anthony cooperating with prosecutors and working together for the same outcome: to wait for the jury to do the inevitable and order the execution of their daughter by the state of Florida; and it seemed to them, the sooner the better.


Investigative journalism is a journey. The best stories write themselves. Eventually, my reporting on the acquittal of Casey Anthony led me toward an unbelievable conclusion: Her jury of twelve peers was right! Casey Anthony is innocent. We all made her the most hated woman in America, and we were all wrong.


[1]Jean Casarez, What life is like for Casey Anthony, CNN {July 4, 2014},  http://www.cnn.com/2014/07/03/justice/casey-anthony-today/



[2] Luis Perez, Jury Finally Swore in for Casey Anthony Trial, Tampabay Times {May 20,2011}, http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/criminal/jury-finally-sworn-in-for-casey-anthony-trial/1170870


[3] T.L. Stanley, A Trial Too Juicy to Resist, Los Angeles Times {July 6, 2011}, http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/06/entertainment/la-et-casey-anthony-trial-20110706


[4] Brian Stelter, Casey Anthony Verdict Brings HLN Ratings, New York Times {July 6, 2011}, https://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/07/06/casey-anthony-verdict-brings-hln-record-ratings/?_r=0


[5] Jacqui Goddard, What’s so Funny? Casey Anthony… {June 3, 2011}, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1393650/Casey-Anthony-laughs-court-branded-cold-blooded-callous-monster.html


[6] CNN Library, Casey Anthony Trial Fast Facts {June 29, 2016}, http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/04/us/casey-anthony-trial-fast-facts/


[7] CBS News, Casey Anthony Lying ‘Off the Scales’, {June 24, 2011} http://www.cbsnews.com/news/casey-anthony-lying-off-the-scale-analyst/


[8] Jeffrey Ashton, Imperfect Justice,  {2012} p 64.


[9] Ann O’Neill, Casey Anthony’s Trial is One Hot Ticket, CNN {June 12, 2011}, http://www.cnn.com/2011/CRIME/06/12/florida.anthony.trial.crowd/


[10] John Cloud, Casey Anthony, Social Media Trial of the Century, Time Magazine {June 16, 2011}, http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2077969,00.html


[11] Eric Deggens, Comparisons Casey Anthony & OJ Simpson Don’t Hold Up, Tampabay Times, {May 9, 2011} http://www.tampabay.com/features/media/comparisons-between-the-casey-anthony-trial-and-oj-simpsons-dont-hold-up/1168695


[12] John Cloud, Id http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2077969,00.html



[13] John Cloud Id http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2077969-2,00.html


[14] Christie D’Zurilla, Casey Anthony Trial…Flurry of Kim Kardashian Tweets, Los Angeles Times {July 5, 2011}, http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/gossip/2011/07/casey-anthony-trial-not-guilty-kim-kardashian.html


[15] Doug Gross, Social Networks Rage Over Anthony Verdict, CNN {July 5, 2011}, http://www.cnn.com/2011/TECH/web/07/05/casey.anthony.web.reaction/


[16] Scott Stump, Casey Anthony Judge Felt Shock, Disbelief, at Not-Guilty Verdict , Today Show {May 6, 2013}, http://www.today.com/news/casey-anthony-judge-felt-shock-disbelief-not-guilty-verdict-6C9791042


[17] Michael Inbar, Ignore Casey Anthony Urges Former Prosecutor, Today Show, {Nov. 15, 2011}, http://www.today.com/id/45303921/ns/today-today_books/t/ignore-casey-anthony-urges-her-former-prosecutor/


[18] Camille Mann, CA Jury Foreman Says Doubt in Dad’s Testimony Swayed Verdict, CBS News {July 12, 2011}, http://www.cbsnews.com/news/casey-anthony-jury-foreman-says-doubt-in-dad-georges-testimony-swayed-verdict/


[19] Steve Helling, Casey’s Father Cries as he Describes Suicide Attempt, People Magazine {Sept. 23, 2016}, http://people.com/crime/casey-anthony-trial-george-anthony-cries-in-court/


[20] Nicole Brochu, Should Casey Anthony’s Mother be Charged With Perjury?, Sun Sentinel Editorial Board {July 13, 2011}, http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2011-07-13/news/sfl-should-casey-anthonys-mother-be-charged-with-perjury-20110713_1_cindy-anthony-roy-kronk-casey-anthony


[21] Steve Helling, Mom Tells Casey Anthony in Court ‘I Love You’, People Magazine {Sept. 23, 2016}, http://people.com/crime/casey-anthony-murder-trial-cindy-anthony-testifies-about-hair/


[22] Alex Alvarez, Jury Foreman Breaks Silence over Jury’s suspicion of Casey Anthony’s Father, Mediaite {July 12, 2011},  http://www.mediaite.com/tv/jury-foreman-breaks-his-silence-over-jurys-suspicions-of-casey-anthonys-father/


[23] Anthony Colarossi, Excerpts from Ashton’s Book Offer Unique Perspective, Orlando Sentinel {Nov. 15, 2011}, http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/breaking-news/os-jeff-ashton-casey-anthony-book-quotes-20111114-story.html


[24] David Lohr, CA Thought Father, George, Was Caylee’s Father, Says Lawyer, Jose Baez, Huffington Post {July 5, 2012},  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/05/casey-anthony-incest_n_1652420.html


[25] Dr. Keith Ablow, What CA’s Psychiatry Records Tell Us – Did Casey Really Kill Caylee?, Fox News Opinion {Jan. 19, 2012},  http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2012/01/19/what-casey-anthonys-psychiatry-records-tell-us-did-casey-really-kill-caylee.html


[26] Dr. Drew Pinsky, Is Casey Anthony Mentally Ill?, CNN, YouTube {July 14, 2011}, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvdx_cWM1Bs


[27] CBS News Staff, CA Mental Evaluations Released, {Jan. 11, 2012}, http://www.cbsnews.com/news/casey-anthony-mental-evaluations-released-doc-says-she-was-surprisingly-cheerful/


[28] Blog, Casey Anthony, Summarizing the Psychologists, Danziger {p. 89} & Weitz depositions {Jan. 18, 2012}, https://statevcasey.wordpress.com/2012/01/18/summarizing-the-psychologists/



[29] Dr. Drew Id, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvdx_cWM1Bs


[30] Blog, Id, https://statevcasey.wordpress.com/2012/01/18/summarizing-the-psychologists/


[31] Dr. Phil, Cindy & George Anthony, The Interview, Part I, HARPO Inc. {Sept. 13, 2011}, http://caseyanthonyisinnocent.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Transcript-Dr-Phil-George-Cindy-Anthony-Part-1-The-Interview-CaseyAnthonyIsInnocent-com.pdf


[32] Ninth Judicial Circuit OCSO interview, George Anthony, August 3, 2008 p 29, Egnyte Orange County Records. support@egnyte.com


[33] Bill Hewitt, A Shocking Twist, People Magazine {Feb 9, 2009}, http://people.com/archive/cover-story-a-shocking-twist-vol-71-no-5/


[34] Beth Stebner, CA Thought Father Fathered Caylee and Killed Her  to Hide Evidence of Abuse, Daily Mail {July 6, 2012},  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2169906/Casey-Anthony-thought-father-George-fathered-Caylee-killed-hide-evidence-abuse.html


[35] David Lohr, George’s Alleged Mistress, Testifies, Huffington Post {June 30, 2011}, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/30/casey-anthony-trial-george-anthonys-alleged-mistress-testifies_n_887864.html


[36] Keith Long, What if Casey Anthony Jury Hadn’t Been Sequestered?, Harvard Nieman Foundation Media Watchdog {Nov. 27, 2011},  http://www.niemanwatchdog.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=ask_this.view&askthisid=540


[37] Noah Davis, CNN’s Kurtz Criticizes CNN’s Casey Anthony Coverage, Business Insider {July 11, 2011},  http://www.businessinsider.com/cnns-howard-kurtz-critcizes-cnns-casey-anthony-coverage-2011-7


[38] Jeffrey Toobin, Media Should Soul-Search After Anthony Verdict, CNN { July 5, 2011}, http://news.blogs.cnn.com/2011/07/05/toobin-media-should-soul-search-after-anthony-verdict/comment-page-1/


[39] CNN Transcripts, Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, CNN {June 23, 2014}, http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1406/23/acd.01.html p.6